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Computer Abbreviations words


ACE - Access Control Entry

ACL - Access Control List

ADO - Active Data Objects

AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port

AI - Artificial Intelligence

ALGOL - Algorithmic Language

ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit

AOL - America Online


API - Application Program Interface

APIPA - Automatic Private Internet Protocol Addressing

ARP - Address Resolution Protocol

ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASF - Advanced Streaming Format

ASM - Association for Systems Management

ASP - Active Server Pages

ATAPI - Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface

ATM - Asynchronous Transfer Mode

AUI - Attachment Unit Interface

AVI - Audio Video Interleave

B2B - Business to Business

B2C - Business to Commerce

BASIC - Beginner's All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BCD - Binary Coded Decimal

BHTML - Broadcast Hyper Text Markup Language

BIOS - Basic Input Output System

BMP - Bitmap

CAD - Computer Aided Design

CAI - Computer Aided Instructuion

CAM - Computer Aided Manufacturing

CASE - Computer Aided Software Engineering

CCNA - Cisco Certified Network Associate

CD - Compact Disc

CD - RW - Compact Disc Re-Writable

CD - WORM - Compact Disc - Write Once Read Many

C-DAC - Centre for Development of Advanced Computing

CDONTS - Collabaration on Data Objects for Windows NT Server

CGI - Common Gateway Interface

CIDR - Classless Inter-Domain Routing

CLR - Common Language Runtime

CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

CMS - Content Management System

CMYK - Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Key (black)

COBOL - Common Business Oriented Language

COM - Component Object Model

CORBA - Common Object Request Broker Architecture

CPU - Central Processing Unit


CRC - Cyclic Redundancy Check

CRM - Customer Relationship Management

CROM - Control Read Only Memory

CRT - Cathode Ray Tube

CUI - Character User Interface

DAC - Digital to Analog Converter

DAO - Data Access Objects

DAT - Digital Audio Tape

DBA - Data Base Administrator

DBMS - Data Base Management System

DCOM - Distributed Component Object Model

DDL - Data Definition Language

DFS - Distributed File System

DHCP - Domain Host Configuration Protocol

DHTML - Dynamics Hyper Text Markup Language

DLC - Data Link Control

dll - dynamic link library

DMA - Direct Memory Access

DML - Data Manipulation Language

DNS - Domain Name System

DOM - Document Object Model

DOS - Disk Operating System, Denial Of Service

DDOS - Distributed Denial Of Service

dpi - dots per inch

DSL - Digital Subscriber Line

DSN - Digital Subscriber Network

DTD - Document Type Definition

DVD - Digital Versatile Disc

e - electronic

EBCDIC - Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

EFS - Encrypted File System

EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

EEPROM - Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

EJB - Enterprise Java Beans

ERP - Enterprise Resource Planning

EULA - End User License Agreement

FAT - File Allocation Table

FDD- Floppy Disk Drive

FDDI - Fiber Distributed Data Interface

FIFO - First In First Out

FLOPS - Floating Point Operations Per Second

FO - Fiber Optics

FORTRAN - FORmula TRANslation

fps - frames per second

FRAM - Ferro-electric Random Access Memory

GB - Giga Bytes

GIF - Graphic Interchange Format

GIGO - Garbage In Garbage Out

GNU - GNU's Not Unix

GPL - General Public License

GUI - Graphical User Interface

HDD - Hard Disk Drive

HFS - Hierarchical File System

HP - Hewlett Packard

HPC - High Performance Computing

HPFS - High Performance File System

HSR - Horizontal Scan Rate

HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language

HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

hw - Hardware

IBM - International Business Machines

ICMP - Internet Control Message Protocol

IDE - Integrated Development Environment

IGMP - Internet Group Management Protocol

IIS - Internet Information Server

IL - Intermediate Language

I/O - Input Output

IP - Internet Protocol


IPX - Internetworked Packet Exchange

IrDA - Infrared Data Association

IRQ - Interrupt Request

ISAPI - Internet Server Application Program Interface

ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network

ISP - Internet Service Provider

IT - Information Technology

ITPL - Information Technology Park Limited (India)

JCL - Job Control Language

JDBC - Java Data Base Connectivity

JHTML - Java within Hyper Text Markup Language

JPEG - Joint Photographic Experts Group

JSP - Java Server Pages

kb - kilobytes

kbps - Kilo bytes per second

L2TP - Layer Two Tunneling Protocol

LAN - Local Area Network

LCD - Liquid Crystal Display

LIFO - Last In First Out

LIPS - Logical Interfaces Per Second

LOC - Lines Of Code

LSP - Layered Service Provider

MB - Mega Bytes

MBPS - Mega Bytes Per Second

MBR - Master Boot Record

MAC - Media Access Control

MAN - Metropolitan Area Network

MAU - Multi-station Access Unit

MCP - Microsoft Certified Professional

MCS - MultiCast Server

MCSA - Microsoft® Certified Systems Administrator

MCSD - Microsoft® Certified Solution Developer

MCSE - Microsoft® Certified System Engineer

MDI - Multiple Document Interface

MFC - Microsoft Foundation Classes

MFT - Master File Table

MIDI - Musical Instrument Digital Interface

MIMD - Multiple Instruction Multiple Data

MIME - Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

MISD - Multiple Instruction Single Data

MIPS - Millions of Instructions Per Second

MODEM - MOdulator and DEModulator

MP3 - Motion Pictures Experts Group Layer - 3

MPEG - Motion Pictures Experts Group

MS - MicroSoft

MSDN - MicroSoft Developer Network

MSIL - Microsoft Intermediate Language

MSIIS - MicroSoft Internet Information Server

MSN - MicroSoft Network

MSRAP - MicroSoft Remote Administration Protocol

MSRPC - Microsoft Remote Procedure Call

MTS - Microsoft Transaction Server

MTU - Maximum Transmission Unit


NASSCOM - National Association of Software & Service Companies

NDIS - Network Driver Interface Specification

NetBEUI - NetBIOS Enhanced User Interface

NIC - National Informatics Centre,

NIIT - National Institute of Information Technology

NNTP - Network News Transfer Protocol

NOW - Network Of Workstations

NT (Windows) - New Technology

NTP - Network Time Protocol

NTFS - New Technology File System

OCP - Oracle Certified Professional

ODBC - Open Data Base Connectivity

OLE - Object Linking and Embedding

OMR - Optical Mark Reader

ONE - Open Network Architecture

OOAD - Object Oriented Analysis and Design

OOPS - Object Oriented Programming System

Open GL - Open Graphics Library

OS - Operating System

PC - Personal Computer

PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect

PCMCIA - Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

PDA - Personal Digital Assistant

PDF - Portable Document Format

PDL - Page Description Language

PHP - PHP Hypertext Processor

PLC - Programmable Logic Controller

PNG - Portable Network Graphics

PnP - Plug and Play

POP - Post Office Protocol

POST - Power On Self Test

PPP - Peer to Peer Protocol

PPTP - Point to Point Tunneling Protocol

PROM - Programmable Read Only Memory

PS - Post Script

PSN - Processor Serial Number

QoS - Quality of Service

RAID - Redundant Array of Independent Disks

RAM - Random Access Memory

RAMDAC - Random Access Memory Digital to Analog Converter

RDBMS - Relational Data Base Management System

RDO - Remote Data Objects

RDP - Remote Desktop Protocol

RD RAM - Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory

R-DAT - Rotating Digital Audio Tape

RFC - Request For Comments

RGB - Red Green Blue

RIP - Raster Image Processor

RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Computer

ROM - Read Only Memory

RPC - Remote Procedure Call

RTC - Real Time Clock

RTF - Rich Text Format

RTOS - Real Time Operating System

SACK - Selective Acknowledgements

SAM - Security Access Manager

SAP - Service Access Point, Systems Applications Products

SCSI - Small Computers Systems Interface

SRAM - Static Random Access Memory

SD RAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory

S - DAT - Stationary Digital Audio Tape

SDK - Software Development Kit

SGML - Standard Generalized Markup Language

SG RAM - Synchronous Graphics Random Access Memory

SIM - Subscriber Identification Module

SIMD - Single Instruction Multiple Data

SISD - Single Instruction Single Data

SMS - Short Message Service

SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SNA - System Network Architecture

SNAP - Sub Network Access Protocol

SNMP - Simple Network Management Protocol

SOAP - Simple Object Access Protocol

SPX - Sequenced Packet Exchange

SQL - Structured Query Language

sw - software

TB - Tera Bytes

TAPI - Telephony Application Program Interface

TCP - Transmission Control Protocol


TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol

TDI - Transport Data Interface

TPM - Transactions Processing Monitor

TSR - Terminate and Stay Residents

UDP - User Datagram Protocol

UNC - Universal Naming Convention

UNIX - Uniplexed Information and Computer Systems

UML - Unified Modelling Language

URL - Universal Resource Locator

USB - Universal Serial Bus

UTP - Unshielded Twisted Pair

VAN - Virtual Area Network

VB - Visual Basic

VC++ - Visual C++

VCD - Video Compact Disc

VGA - Video Graphics Array

VHS - Video Home System

VLIW - Very Long Instruction Words

VLSI - Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits

VPN - Virtual Private Network

VRAM - Video Random Access Memory

VRML - Virtual Reality Modelling Language

VS - Visual Studio

VSNL - Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited

VXD - Virtual Device Driver

W3C - World Wide Web Consortium

WAN - Wide Area Network

WAP - Wireless Application Protocol

WHQL - Windows Hardware Quality Lab

Windows ME - Windows Millennium Edition

Windows NT - Windows New Technology

Windows XP - Windows eXPerienced

WINS - Windows Internet Name Services

WMI - Windows Management Instrumentation

WML - Wireless Markup Language

WORM - Write Once Read Many

WYSIWYG - What You See Is What You Get

WWW - World Wide Web

XHTML - eXtensible Hyper Text Markup Language

XML - eXtensible Markup Language

XSL - eXtensible Style Sheet langauge

Y2K - Year 2000

ZIF - Zero Insertion Force

Computer Basic Question Answers in tamil (Online Test)


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